Thursday, November 16, 2017

Know the Art of Sundanese Dance That Has been Worldwide; Jaipongan

Sundanese is one of the tribes in Indonesia that comes from western Java. This tribe is famous for its culinary paradise. In fact, the Sundanese are known for their white-skinned, beautiful and handsome people. In addition, Sunda also has a dance art that is quite famous until now. That is “Jaipongan”.

Jaipongan has been known to be an art dance from the Sundanese community in West Java. This dance has become an icon of the tribe of Sunda. Almost in every event of art or intent, even a special carrying Sundanese culture or not, Jaipongan dance seemed to be a mandatory agenda to be performed.

Jaipongan was born through the creative process of the cold hands of H Suanda around 1976 in Karawang, Jaipongan is a cultivation that combines several elements of traditional art karawang such as pencak silat, wayang golek, banjet mask, ketuk tilu and others. Jaipongan have been growing rapidly in Karawang in the beginning of 1976. Jaipongan position at that time became the art of alternative entertainment performances of traditional arts that have grown and developed earlier in karawang such as pencak silat, topeng banjet, ketil tilu, tarling and wayang golek. The existence of jaipong gives new and different colors and patterns in the form of packaging, ranging from the arrangement of the musical composition to the form of the composition of the dance. Before this performance art, there are some influences that became the reason for the formation of this social dance. In the urban area of Priangan for example, in the elite society, social dance influenced Ballroom dance from the West. While in folk art, social dance influenced local tradition. Traditional dance performances are not separated from the existence of ronggeng and pamogoran. This dance began to be widely known since the 1970s. The emergence of dance by Gumbira Gugum was originally called Ketuk Tilu development, because the dance base was the development of Ketuk Tilu. The first work of Gugum Gumbira is still very thick with the color of ibing Ketuk Tilu, both in terms of choreography and accompaniment, then became popular with the dance of Jaipongan.

Characteristics of Jaipongan Kaleran style namely; cheerfulness, erotic, humorous, spirit, spontaneity, and simplicity (natural, what it is). This is reflected in the pattern of presentation of dance to the show, there are given the pattern (Ibing Pola) as in the art of Jaipongan that exist in Bandung, there are also dances that are not in the pattern (Ibing Saka), for example in Jaipongan Subang and Karawang art. This term can be found in Jaipongan Kaleran style, especially in Subang area. In its presentation, this Jaipongan style of tangling, as follows: 1) Tatalu; 2) Flower Gadung; 3) Gopar Kawung Fruit; 4) The Opening Dance (Ibing Pattern), usually performed by single dancer or Sinden Tatandakan (sinden attack but cannot sing but dancing sinden song / interpreter); 5) Jeblokan dan Jabanan, is part of the show when the audience (bajidor) sawer money or giving money (jabanan) while greeting outboard. The term jeblokan defined as a couple who settled between sinden and spectator (bajidor).

Jaipongan may be referred to as one of the identity of West Java, this is seen in some important events related to guests from foreign countries who come to West Java, then greeted with Jaipongan dance performance. Similarly, the arts missions to foreign countries are always equipped with Jaipongan dance. Jaipongan dance influences many other arts in West Java society, both in wayang art performance, degung, genjring / terbangan, jaipong, and almost all the folk performances as well as in modern dangdut music that collaborated with Jaipong into Pong-Dut art. Jaipongan has been diplopolized by Mr. Nur & Leni.

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